You know you’ve got a problem with diabetes when you keep feeling tired, you’ve got a bitter taste in your mouth, your vision’s blurred, and your bladder keeps filling up. By the time you visit your doctor, it’s already too late, as the blood sugars have already taken over and figured out a way to consume your immune system.
If you don’t know much about diabetes and its effects, then you’ve come to the right place. Here, we’ll discuss important facts about diabetes.
1. What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar caused either by an inability of the body to produce enough insulin or by the body’s inability to effectively use the insulin it produces.
Insulin is a hormone required to convert glucose, a form of sugar, into energy for the body. When diabetes occurs, the body either does not produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels in the blood or does not use its insulin efficiently.
2. Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes and is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s own defense system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, causing a lack of insulin in the body.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle, usually due to lack of exercise, poor diet, and obesity. The body does not respond correctly to insulin and is unable to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.
3. Diabetes Symptoms
Diabetes Symptoms are often subtle and can be easy to miss. Common early signs include increased urination, greater thirst, fatigue, weight loss, and blurred vision. People with Type 1 Diabetes often experience sudden and dramatic weight loss.
Other symptoms can include slow-healing wounds, frequent infections, tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, and blurry vision. For Type 2 Diabetes, common symptoms include increased hunger, thirst, urination, fatigue, vision changes, and dry or itchy skin.
4. Diabetes Diagnosis
Diabetes diagnosis is the process of identifying an individual as having the disease. It requires screening for risk factors that could indicate the person is at risk. These risk factors may include family history, overweight or obesity, age, physical inactivity, and a history of gestational diabetes or high blood sugar levels.
The next step is to measure the blood sugar level with either a fasting blood sugar, oral glucose tolerance test, or a hemoglobin A1c test. If the level is higher than it should be, the person may have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
5. Diabetes Treatment
Some of the most common medications prescribed for diabetes are insulin, sulfonylureas, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, and SGLT2 inhibitors.
Lifestyle changes that may be recommended. This includes engaging in physical activities or exercising regularly. It also involves losing weight and quitting smoking.
Healthy eating habits, such as eliminating added sugars and unhealthy fats, eating more fruits and vegetables, and maintaining a balanced diet, are important for overall health as well as for diabetes management.
Regular blood sugar monitoring is important. This is to ensure that patients are able to adjust their medication and diet when necessary. Contacting these Medicare diabetic supply specialists can also advise the best treatment for you.
Explore Facts About Diabetes
These facts about diabetes explained that it is a life-long condition that requires both proactive health management and support. Patients and caregivers are both essential to successful diabetes management.
Awareness and accurate, up-to-date information are the keys to success.
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