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What Are the Different Types of Dog Breeds That Exist Today?

The World Canine Federation recognizes 350 dog breeds, which are divided into seven categories. Dog breeds refer to more than the way a dog looks. They refer to a group of dogs in a closed gene pool with defined characteristics that have been bred to perform specific tasks.

Keep reading for a breakdown of the different types of dog breeds.

Types of Dog Breeds: Herding Dogs

Herding dogs are bred to herd, gather, and protect livestock. They have an instinctual ability to control the movements of other animals. Some of the best dogs in this group include the Australian Shepherd, Bergamasco Sheepdog, Shetland Sheepdog, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and Border Collie.

Sporting Dogs

Originally, these dogs were bred to help hunters retrieve game. They are high-energy animals with a love for the outdoors. They are also excellent at agility competitions.

Some examples of sporting dogs are Labrador Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels, and English Setters.

Toy Dogs

These dogs are the perfect lap dogs. They are affectionate and intelligent, providing companionship and love without requiring a lot of activity. Some breeds include Pugs, Chihuahuas, and Pomeranians.

These are the dogs most likely to wear dog clothes. If you have ever seen a pup celebrating a birthday with a party, it was likely a member of the toy group! If you have one and would like to celebrate them, the dog party hats linked here can help.

Hounds

Hounds are excellent hunting dogs. They have a powerful sense of smell, sight, and hearing, also making them helpful to law enforcement, as well. They are affectionate and strong-willed.

Some examples include Beagles, Basset Hounds, Salukis, Greyhounds, and Bloodhounds.

Non-Sporting Dogs

This grouping of dogs is for those that do not fit into other categories. They are not bred for a particular purpose or to achieve a specific size. They can have wildly different personalities and physical traits.

Some non-sporting dog examples include Dalmatians, American Bulldogs, Poodles, and Chow Chows.

Working Dogs

Working dogs serve a specific purpose. Originally, they performed practical duties like acting as guard dogs, pulling sleds, and more. Some still do those tasks today.

Some of the most popular examples of working dogs are Siberian Huskies, Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Neapolitan Mastiffs, and Rottweilers.

Terriers

Initially, terriers were vermin killers. Their small size and agility allowed them to chase after rabbits and rats. These days, they are beloved companions that make excellent watchdogs.

Examples of terriers are Jack Russell Terriers, Bull Terriers, and Scottish Terriers.

Which Are the Best Dogs?

All types of dog breeds have their pros and cons, making it impossible to decide which is the best dog breed out there. Their activity level, function, and size can allow you to choose which is best for you if you would like to become a dog parent.

Learn more about dogs and other pets by checking out our Pet page under our Lifestyle tab!

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