You’ve probably heard the word “autism” brought up numerous times in conversations. But you may not know that there are different types of autism diagnoses.
That’s why we’ve created this brief guide to help you learn more about each one. That way, you can stand up as a proud ally in supporting people with autism in your life.
Let’s get started!
Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a broad term to describe a group of neurological disorders characterized by difficulties with communication, social interaction, and repetitive or restricted behaviors.
The autistic disorder also called autism or classical ASD is the most common in this group. Autistic disorder is characterized by significant impairments in social interaction and communication and the presence of restricted, repetitive interests or behaviors.
Bruno Thomas and Friends is a program that aims to provide individuals with autism spectrum disorder with an understanding of those different diagnoses and how they can affect the individual in different ways.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a rare type of autism diagnosis usually diagnosed in children between the ages of two and ten. The regression of previously acquired skills characterizes this disorder.
As children with childhood disintegrative disorder get older, they lose the ability to communicate with others and regulate their emotions, they have trouble with everyday tasks, including dressing, toileting, playground activities, and more.
Children with this disorder can also experience severe physical symptoms, such as:
- severe gastrointestinal issues
- sudden behavioral changes
Asperger Syndrome is a form of high-functioning autism. Those with the syndrome can often have social difficulties, be overly reliant on routines and rituals, and display difficulty with speech and nonverbal communication.
They can be very intelligent and often excel in their academic studies or special interests, but sometimes need assistance to reach their full potential.
People with Asperger Syndrome can often live normal lives with the help of coping strategies and support from family and friends.
Rett Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder of the brain which occurs almost exclusively in girls and results in:
- severe mental
- cognitive disabilities
Symptoms of Rett Syndrome include:
- hand stereotyped movements
- poor coordination
- sleep disturbances
- poor head control
This is a severe form of Autism and is usually diagnosed between six and 18 months of age.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (Pdd-Nos)
Pervasive Developmental Disorder is a collective term that encompasses all forms of autism. This diagnosis applies to people with Autistic Disorder and Asperger’s Syndrome.
Whilst there is no single diagnostic test for autism, it can be diagnosed through various tests, including observing behavior and communication, as well as talking to the person and their family and friends.
Know the Types of Autism Diagnoses Now
As we have seen, there is a wide range types of autism diagnoses. Each is characterized by different sets of qualities and requires different therapies.
It is important to get an accurate diagnosis if you or someone you know displays any signs of autism. Seek local professionals and resources to get the help you need in treating autism.
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