Have you ever considered installing solar panels in your home? Solar energy is a huge trend taking over the country right now, and it only looks set to continue to grow. In fact, it’s expected that the number of Americans who use solar power will at least triple by the year 2030.
If you’d like to become part of this growing number, you’re probably curious about how do solar panels work. What benefits can they bring to your household, and how exactly do they operate?
This guide will tell you everything you need to know. How do home solar panels work? Read on to find out now.
1. They Get Their Energy From the Sun
You already know that solar panels use the sun as their energy source. But do you know exactly how they’re powered by the sun? Solar panel science is fascinating to learn about.
When sunlight hits solar panels, it creates an electric field. The electricity generated flows into a conductive wire, which brings the electricity to an inverter, where it is transformed from DC electricity to AC. This AC energy is then used to power your home.
2. Solar Panels Contain Silicon
Solar panels are made up of smaller units called photovoltaic cells. These cells need to have some sort of semi-conducting material between them in order to function correctly. This is usually silicon.
Extra materials get added to the layers of silicon to create either a positive or negative charge. Phosphorous is added to the top layer of silicon creating a negative charge. Meanwhile, boron is added to the bottom layer to create a positive charge.
3. Solar Panels Can Generate Energy Without Direct Sunlight
Although solar energy does come from the sun, direct sunlight is not needed for solar panels to work. Solar panels have the ability to capture different parts of the sun’s light spectrum. Even on a cloudy day, your solar panels will be able to generate energy.
4. Your Receive Credits for Excess Energy
One of the best things about solar energy is that it’s never wasted. If and when your home doesn’t use all of the energy your solar panels have generated, the excess flows back into the utility electrical grid. When this happens, you’ll receive a credit for your utilities.
5. You Can Customize Your Solar System
If you’re worried about whether a solar system will suit your home and its needs, you needn’t be. Did you know it’s possible to create your own custom solar system design to suit your needs? Before installing solar panels you should ask your provider about this option.
How Do Solar Panels Work? Your Questions Answered
Solar panel technology has come along leaps and bounds even in the last few decades. Hopefully, this article has managed to address the question of “how do solar panels work?” today.
If you’d like to learn more about the technology and science that goes into making our world work, you might be interested in checking out the rest of our content now.